A Polynomial Approximation for the Prediction of Reflected Energy from Pyramidal RF Absorbers

Authors: Vince Rodriguez and Edwin Barry

Indoor antenna ranges must have the walls, floor and ceiling treated with RF absorber. The normal incidence performance of the absorber is usually provided by the manufacturers of the materials, however, the bi-static or off angle performance must also be known. Some manufacturers provide factors at discrete electrical thickness for a discrete range of incident angles. This approximation is based on the curves presented in [1]. In reference [2], a polynomial approximation was introduced.

In this paper, a more accurate approximation of absorber performance is introduced. Pyramidal RF absorber is modeled using CST’s frequency domain solver. The numerical results are compared to results from other numerical methods. The highest reflectivity of the two principal polarizations for a given angle of incidence and thickness of material is calculated. Different physical thickness pyramids are modeled. Once the worst case reflectivity is calculated, a polynomial curve fit is used to derive a set of equations that provide the bi-static performance for absorber as a function of angle of incidence and thickness of material. The equations can be used to predict the necessary RF absorber to treat the walls of an indoor range.

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