Extending The Angular Coverage Of Planar Near-Field Mearsurements By Combining Patterns From Two Or More Antenna Orientations

Authors: Allen C. Newell, Greg Hindman

The angular coverage of planar near-field measurements is limited by the size of the scan plane, and the “region of validity” is defined by the angle between the edge of the AUT and the edge of the scan plane. In some applications, results are required over a larger angular region than is possible with the available scanner. The angular coverage can be increased by rotating the antenna and repeating the measurement. The results of the two measurements are then combined. Successful combination depends on using both the coordinate system and vector components that are appropriate for the antenna rotation.

In general for a single antenna orientation, any coordinate system can be used with any vector components, but when combining or comparing patterns for two antenna rotations, the axis of rotation must be the polar axis and the vector components must correspond to that coordinate system. Measurements results will be used to demonstrate the proper choice of coordinates and components and to illustrate potential problems that may arise.

 

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